Intégrer l’écriture réflexive et l’art-thérapie à sa pratique de soins palliatifs

Kalliopi Stilos, Katherine Burgoyne

Abstract


La spécialité des soins palliatifs se concentre bien souvent sur la prise en charge des besoins complexes des patients souffrant d’une maladie incurable et des préoccupations émotionnelles et psychosociales de leur famille. Les professionnels de la santé qui travaillent avec des patients atteints d’une maladie à un stade avancé sont parfois anxieux et frustrés lorsqu’ils rentrent chez eux après s’être occupés de patients mourants. Quelquefois, lorsque les infirmières souffrent, elles ne peuvent plus assurer les soins psychosociaux qui contribuent à la satisfaction des patients et de leur famille (Pendry, 2007; Freeman, 2013). L’exposition permanente à des situations aussi difficiles et l’accumulation de sentiments et de comportements qui ne sont pas pris en compte peuvent conduire à des difficultés physiques et psychologiques (Pereira et al., 2011). C’est pourquoi les infirmières se doivent de préserver au mieux leur santé. Pour inciter les infirmières à promouvoir la santé émotionnelle, nous avons intégré l’outil CARES (Comfort, Airway management, Restlessness and delirium, Emotional and spiritual support, Self-care [confort, prise en charge des voies respiratoires, agitation et délire, soutien affectif et spirituel et autosoins]) de Freeman (2013) à l’ensemble des mesures de confort définies par notre organisme pour les patients mourants (pronostic < 72 heures) (Stilos, Wynntchuk et al., 2016).


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